Now Tang Mocun supported by Lion Rock point, southwest of the village there is a hill in the radius of dozens of hieroglyphic mountains East, North, West is a vast xiaopingyuan ; beyond Lion Rock 7 Li for fengle River. Now also holds a good green in the village shibanlu, a stream through the village past, Kai has a built in the Qing dynasty in gaoyang bridge. Bridge Creek South of the ancient forest of Ginkgo biloba. Forest before Prince Tong, Tong Temple on the right side. Closely Temple is a typical ancient Huizhou architecture " champion House ". A lane apart is now Taiwan's KMT officials of former residence of xucun jade. Excessive Yang Bridge along the Creek in the North down, a nunnery and Xu Shi ancestral temple. Further ahead will see world-famous tangmu little West Lake. Cross the small lake, that is, see the national rare " compatriots Hanlin " monument square. Octagonal pavilion, hidden deep in the depression of centipede bridge onions of the camphor trees in the forest. Tang Mocun called a garden of ancient building Museum.
Tangmo history :
Tangmo was founded in Tang dynasty, began called sandalwood. Ad 923 public descendants of Wang Hua Tang Yue Wang Si Li life married to Cheng Shi as a wife by the parent, then moved to the village, and site construction of our homes with Feng Shui principles of planting Ginkgo biloba tree. Meanwhile, to table hsien Chu ( Tang dynasty emperor ) to its ancestor Wang Hua and the descendants of Moses long, take the main meaning of loyalty to loyalty, decided to follow " the later Tang Dynasty " establishing a standard model village, name it to " tangmu ". Wang Si LI moved She also is the surname of Wang ( area equivalent to the current Huangshan City ) ancestor. When the Southern Song dynasty, named by North xucun She moved, and origin of Cheng, and Wang, Wu San names mixed rank, was for the most common of the village. Has remained in the village there is an imperial edict of the Emperor of the Tang dynasty Empress Wang Hua and Wang clan by the tree - planting site and started family tree.
Tangmo ancient village of development during the song, Yuan, became gradually during the Ming and Qing dynasty. In particular, most peak in the early days of the Qing dynasty. This basic line and the development of Huizhou merchants time. Visible construction and development of the ancient Huizhou villages developed powerful economic strength and merchants are inseparable.
Tangmu especially developed during the Ming and Qing dynasties in the history of the village. Huizhoudiqu " one water, one of seven mountain field, a road and pastoral " theory, meaning that less huizhoudiqu TADA. To agriculture as a fully industrial societies in the past, this is a fatal factors of the regional economy, so they have a " past lives don't fix, born in Huizhou, 44 years old, out of a lost " of proverbs. Mean to blame the bad life, born in Huizhou, raising to 44 years, apprentice workers will have to go out do for a living. After generations of Huizhou people's efforts, that help people will in some merchants became the big boss. Add native resources such as rich in Huizhou, became merchants to form elements. Starting from the Jin dynasty Huizhou people then had to go out to earn a living to the Ming and Qing dynasties, merchants reach its peak, it is said that the merchants acquired wealth during the period accounted for 30% of all of China, to the richer than level. After poor origin of Huizhou businessmen developed, more attention to the investment in education and home - building, which will form the talent coming forth in Huizhou, shangyiru and also a series of villages in Huizhou architecture. Tangmu is developed in such a context. Now, whether records of local records or the spread of people in the village, the anecdote of a lot is happening here.
Tangmo beautiful scenic natural environment, cultural landscape is rich. Saved so far a relatively complete set of spatial patterns of ancient villages and historic. Quiet rural scenery and quaint landscape complement each other, green mountains, whitewashed wall Dai Watts, was a rich ancient village of Anhui breath, particularly Tang Moren in select, create, perfect living space, planning layout as a whole village initiative is the model of ancient villages in southern Anhui, tangmu village water gardens are outstanding representatives of ancient villages in southern Anhui water gardens. Tangmo 4 existing provincial cultural relic protection units in scenic spots, ancestral hall 4 during the Qing dynasty, houses more than 100 buildings in the Qing dynasty. And the " Water Street ", " Mr Xu Chengyao tomb ", ancient bridges, ancient history such as landscape ; " Millennium ancient Ginkgo tree " ancient and famous trees such as muheyuan, song, Ming and Qing period authentic masters.
Tangmo is one of the ten scenic spots in Huangshan city, was named " Chinese history and culture village ", " national AAAA grade tourism zone ", " civilized tourism demonstration area of Anhui Province " and " national civilized village ", known as " China's first water garden village " of reputation. Is listed as " World Heritage " expansion project, well received by all sectors of the media and the World Tourism Organization's attention and recognition.
Tangmo ancestral halls of culture :
In the ancient feudal society in China, clan is a deep, often a village inhabited by a family or several families, most of them set up their own jiamiao, the jiamiao generally known as " ancestral temple ", ancestral hall is divided into clan, ancestral temple and Temple. The special advocate of Neo - Confucianism in Huizhou, as " representation back to the beginning of the heart, children filial love " is the ancestral hall of ancestors, being popular, education and other services in the Holy Land, it sets religion, ethics, legal in one, is also a clan's Supreme symbol of power, each clan is from a family selection in a venerable old man to serve as Patriarch.
Outside the ancestral hall in addition to ancestor worship and sacrifice, also have a variety of useful, such as the House when Pyotr Vladimirov handling wedding, funeral, life, events, such as when, using these broad ancestral hall as the activities of the Department, in addition, to discuss important matters in the family, also at the ancestral hall. Ancestral Hall also is Patriarch exercise Union of local , where has violation regionalization , is in here was education and was punishment , until expulsion out this family , so also can said ancestral hall is feudal moral of court , some clan attached school , people children on in here school , are because such , ancestral hall building General are than homes scale large , quality good , has power and wealth and power of family , they is stress ancestral hall of construction , tall of Hall , exquisite of positions on , choice of with material , became this family light cases Yiu family of a symbol .
The ancestral hall, the symbol represented the ancient family of power words, although we are getting away, but his deep accumulation, precipitation of ancient Huizhou folk culture, whether architecture of Huizhou, Anhui carving is also a sense of the theory of Feng Shui, are our inexhaustible treasure
Tangmo Overview :
Tangmu village, formerly shexian's, present in Huizhou district. Tert is too great - grandfather of Tang dynasty Yue Wang Hua created. In 623, descendants of Wang Hua Wang Qian back to his hometown, at first living in spring Temple. The Browns are Wang Si Li learned, skilled in astronomy, geography. He was using the Bagua phase spring opposite the Temple of the Lion Rock, and there was Uncle Taizu Ginkgo tree planting large tracts of lush, that can live here the child the Sun. Wang Sili rate living grandchildren moved to Lion Rock. After several generations of hard work, has established Wang Street, in a six - home, Prince Tong buildings, gradually formed a study of a family home and village. Wang Sili rates children return to Huizhou coincided establishment Later Tang Dynasty during the five dynasties, feudal strife, prosperity of the Tang dynasty ceased to exist. Wang Hala descendants not forgotten grace of Tang dynasty's ancestors ( that is, Sui dynasty name is Wang Hua render obedience to the Tang dynasty after the blocking of the Yue State public, posthumously after death " King of the martyrs' Shrine " ), decided to establish a village according to the size of the sum, named " tangmu " ( another said by the Tang of the mode, style, standards ). In 1087, the County North of xucun Xu Gui, Xu Gui two brothers was orphaned, take refuge in Tang Mogu family. After few generations multiply, than local Wang Hui, distance travelled, the surname of Wu San population more prosperous, become the most common of tangmu prominent families. But they don't forget Uncle adoption grace, still use " tangmu " name of the village. Tangmu formation, name of the village, the ancient Huizhou attention thought of Feng Shui and loyalty to the combination of products, printing of deep imprints on the history and culture.
Tangmo loyalty to casting, treat one' s parents with filial piety you make known far and near Tan dry Park. Hands down, Xu Shi of Tang dynasty in early Qing dynasty die there is a call to businessmen operating in the vicinity of Jiangsu, Zhejiang, Anhui and Jiangxi provinces of 36 HIT-CE@OfficeCE pawn shop, said 36 code. Mother factor high, in the mountain village after a lifetime of sincerity is the mother of " paradise " of West Lake, was presented to the sons wanted to visit the West Lake in wishes, but suffers from high mountain road far, horse Lawton, old and frail ; be inconveniences in line. So the filial child at heavily in dig ponds in the village barrier dam, simulated scenery of West Lake, built pavilions, Pavilion changqiao, Lake embankment planted sandalwood flowers and purple punishment, mother to take care of oneself, the Park also has three pools mirroring the Moon, Pavilion in the middle of a Lake, the Bai Causeway classic, yudai bridge, is a miniature of the West Lake. Mirror Pavilion is a small Center of the West Lake, marble pavilions within walls built, inlay include sushi, Zhu Xi, Dong qichang, Huang Tingjian, Ni Yuanlu and Wen Zhengming, Mi Fu, CAI Xiang, Cha Shibiao calligraphy we a rubbing from a stone inscription, numerous, be a sight to behold, as if a tablet of xinan Park. It is said that when Zeng Guofan to suppress the Taiping Heavenly Kingdom in Huizhou, found the baby, who stole it, abandoned it because of the volume is too large. Planted sandalwood flowers in the garden, and a base stream flow around slowly, taking the book of songs " Ridge ridge cutting Tan XI, reset the river dry XI " means the name " wingceltis dry Garden ".